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Category Archives: Automotive

Information about Alloy Wheels

When you have the tyres fitted ask the fitters to attach the weights for balancing on the inside of the wheel.

Whilst a large proportion of alloy wheels are chrome remember that they can be painted any colour you wish. Dark coloured, matt finish alloy wheels have a sleeper, understated look. When choosing your tyres try and pick one with a wide wall, this will go some way to prevent scratching if the wheels are kerbed whilst parking etc.

Handling can be improved with the fitting of spacers between the wheel and hub, this will help to improve the handling of the car by widening the footprint. Split rim alloy wheels are basically a wheel in two parts fastened together with nuts and bolts, they are generally wider and can fill a wheel arch much better and allow for a wider tyre to be fitted.

Remember that your safety and the safety of other road users comes first and when buying alloy wheels if they are much bigger than the standard fit for your car then the suspension will need to be realigned to ensure good handling.

Info of Driveway Auto Detailer

WHEEL or RIM CLEANING

These also must be cool to the touch and out of direct sunlight – especially the chrome or aluminum types. If you clean them when they are hot – some cleaners will stain them – so be very certain to buy that cleaner that is recommended for your specific wheel type and finish. If unsure about your wheel finish – buy a cleaner that is labeled safe for all types of wheels. There are several brands of cleaners that contain no lye or acid….these are the best for all of us ‘driveway cleaners’. Depending on your style of wheel – you might consider buying a ‘Christmas tree-type’ of brush [this refers to the shape of the brush] to get inside spokes or small areas within the wheel in order to ensure that all the collected brake dust is eliminated. To complete the wheel cleaning – use a terry rag or sponge to wipe down the wet wheels paying close attention to the undersides of the ‘spokes as well as where they meet the rim.

Tip: rubber gloves will protect your hands from corrosive brake dust.

Necessary products: All – purpose or specific wheel cleaner, wheel brush, and ‘tire shine’. Tire Shine comes in several variations – liquid, gel, or foams. Be very choosy as you don’t want this to ‘splash’ all over your wheels and car.

WASHING

Tip: Do not use the same bucket for washing the car as you did for washing the wheels. Brake dust is corrosive and any left in the bucket will harm your painted finish.

Again….out of the sun and only with a cool car [temperature, that is]. It is super – important that you keep your car wet throughout the washing process in order to avoid streaking or water spots.

Your initial mission is to rid your vehicle of super grimy areas around the bumpers and side bottoms. If necessary, use a ‘Bug & Tar’ cleaner with a soft brush [ boar’s hair ] to wipe down those areas without scratching the paint. These products ‘cut’ the chemicals or bug remains and prevent smearing the remnants all over the car.

HID Lights

Before you begin installing your HID lights, make sure that the crews are installed in their respective holes. This will prevent possible mishaps during the assembly process, since the screws might unpredictably go in at an angle, which consequently makes it much harder to turn and install the screws later on. Immediately installing them in their housing can prevent these problems from ruining your day.

Now that you have done the screws, the first step to installing your HID lights is to remove the battery’s negative cable. Remove the headlamp’s top cover, and manually position the door in the mid-position to remove it. Look for the manual override knob on the inside corner of each headlamp, and raise it to remove the bezels and top cover easily. Next, remove the headlamp assembly using a 10mm socket and ratchet, and once you’ve removed the assembly, use a sharp razor knife to score the aluminum headlight. Once the headlight assembly is out of the way, slash the aluminum headlight bucket with a fine razor knife. The scored ribs must be removed to install the new HID headlight assembly.

Next, get your aluminum rib and break it off. After doing the first headlight bucket, tighten your vise grips when grabbing the aluminum to make sure that the edges are cleanly cut. Run the razor knife again if the aluminum does not break in your first try. After this, use a piece of two-sided tape to attach the ballast to the inner fender and strengthen the ballast by adding screws. Don’t cover the serial number on the backside in case you need to replace your ballast. And also, make sure the headlamp assembly fits without frictions happening on any of the cut aluminum ribs.

After you’ve done this, put the screws by reaching around the sides of the headlamp bucket. Make sure to place some soft rags or blankets around the hood and fender to prevent falling pieces from rubbing and scratching the headlamp housing on the paint.

Now you can install the screws to firmly hold the ballast on the inner fender. Don’t exert too much force when putting the screws in place because the inner fender is light and prone to breakage. Once all the screws are placed, secure them carefully. Be extra careful in this process, too. The screws can cut into the plastic and break off the plastic mounting ears.

Now loosen the coolant reservoir and remove the battery protector to route the wiring under the battery tray. The battery protector pops out easily. Just press the plastic pushpin along the windshield edge to pull it out. Then, tie the cross wire harness in place by using tie-wraps. Make sure that you are careful around the hood hinges, as the wiring can be nipped if you leave it unlatched.

Voltage Drop Testing

1. Connect your DVOM negative lead to the battery’s negative post.
2. Connect your DVOM positive lead to the battery’s positive post and measure its voltage. Record this reading.
3. Connect your DVOM positive lead to the positive side of the load being tested, as close to the load as possible.
4. Operate the circuit, and record your measurement.
5. Connect your DVOM positive lead to the negative side of the load being tested, as close to the load as possible.
6. Operate the circuit and record your measurement.

Let’s take a closer look at these steps. First, we want to test the integrity of the ENTIRE circuit so placing your test leads at the battery is a must. You can make an extension lead for your DVOM so you can always connect to the battery ground terminal with your negative meter lead. Second, it is important to know the source voltage available. If the battery is weak to start with, your circuit is already working with a handicap. Even better is to measure source voltage with the engine running, and use that as your baseline.

Energy Costs of Electric Cars

Petroleum prices have jumped during the last year and everybody is feeling the pain at the pump. Not a single soul is concerned about filling up the batteries of his next electric car with electricity. After all, you just plug the car into the next receptacle and there seem to be no appreciable costs.

Joe owns a Corvette, a high performance car manufactured by General Motors, which according to the car manufacturer drives 25 miles per gallon.

Joe’s monthly commute is 1000 miles, he drives very carefully, and actually achieves 25 MPG on his daily trip going to work and running errands. At $4.00 per gallon at the pump he is paying $160 for gasoline every month.

Joe is thinking about buying the Tesla, an electric sports car. He tried to find the cost of electricity for driving this car. He could not find any data anywhere. Joe knows that he must explain to his wife why he needs to save energy and money before buying the Tesla, a new, very fast electric sports car.

The Tesla will accelerate faster than his Corvette. There is no doubt that an electric vehicle can have a faster acceleration than a gasoline car. Electric motors and liquid fuel engines are just two different devices converting electric energy or petroleum fuel energy into mechanical energy. Electric motors can generate much higher torque at the wheels at much lower turning speeds.

In comparison, electric motors will have several shortcomings, too. They certainly will emit more pollutants and more carbon dioxide as long as coal is used for producing electric power. Overall energy efficiency of the electric car, from power plant to the road, is still worse than that of a modern automobile propelled by an advanced combustion engine.

The biggest drawback of electric cars is the small number of miles they can drive after a complete recharge. Additionally, the charging of an empty electric battery will take forever, high performance batteries are expensive, and will only have a limited life expectancy.

What about energy costs for driving an electric car compared to a gasoline powered car? Both vehicles will have to store energy. The electric car stores electric energy in its battery, the combustion engine powered car stores energy in the form of gasoline or diesel fuel in its fuel tank.

Now let us take a comparative look at the cost of storing and paying for enough electric energy or liquid fuel energy to drive 100 miles. Let us assume that both cars will have the same power requirements to drive 100 miles. In this respect the match-up between Tesla and Corvette is perfect. But how do we compare prices at the gas station with utility costs at the receptacle?

Energy contained in gasoline can be converted into mechanical energy only at the limited energy conversion efficiency of a typical heat engine. The Corvette engine will have an energy conversion efficiency of about 35%. (Fuel fired engines may eventually reach 50% peak energy conversion efficiency after decades of future advancements). Conversion efficiency of electric power from the receptacle into stored energy first and into mechanical energy later is much higher at about 85%.

About Tesla Electric Car

Ever since the early days of automobiles over a hundred years ago, electric cars have always been considered to be dull and boring. Oh sure, an electric car was fine if you only had a short commute or had to shop at the local grocery and couldn’t get there by foot or bicycle. But they were slow, ugly and hardly more than glorified golf carts.

But two Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, have changed all that forever. They’ve designed an electric car that’s exciting to drive and gorgeous to look at!

The Tesla Roadster is a 100% electric, two-seater convertible that goes from zero to 60 mph in about 4 seconds, with a top speed of around 130 mph. It also has no clutch and a wide, flat torque curve, which means no matter which of the two gears you’re driving in or how fast you’re going, acceleration is instantaneous.

Whether you’re at a stoplight or on the interstate and want to pass the car in front of you, just step on the pedal and off you go like a shot.

The Toyota Prius, on the other hand, which is the best selling hybrid, takes over ten seconds to go from zero to 60. Of course, the Prius isn’t a sports car, but this comparison will give you an idea of just how efficient and well engineered an electric car can be. For example, the Tesla electric motor has only one moving part, yet it still cranks out 248 hp.

The car’s energy comes from 6,831 lithium ion batteries. These are the same batteries you use to charge your laptop or cell phone. It comes with a portable charging pack – in case you’re traveling more than 125 miles from home – and the batteries only take about 3 1/2 hours to fully charge.

By the way, the batteries are recyclable and Tesla guarantees them for five years or 100,000 miles.

However, if you want the thrill of owning the new Tesla, it’s going to cost you a 100 grand. But, if all goes according to plan, the price will come down as more cars are sold. They’ve already got a second more affordable sports sedan in the works.

Vehicle Can Look Like New

Auto reconditioning is also known as minor auto body repair. A skilled auto body reconditioning specialist will use the latest skills and practices to repair your vehicle using the materials already on your vehicle. Usually the repairs are completed within two to six hours, which is not a lot of time considering the work that can be completed. Also most repairs are affordable, and most shops will even work with your insurance as well. Auto reconditioning encompasses body and paint repair, dent removal, scratches to the paint, interior repair, glass repairs and much more. You may be surprised just how great of a job they can do with your vehicle.

A preview of some services that are offered are paintless dent removal, interior repair, paint touch up, auto detailing, wheel rim repair, windshield repair, bumper repair, auto body repair, headlight restoration, and more. Some auto reconditioning shops will even offer additional services that will protect your vehicle from further damage like window tint and the 3M clear bra.

The first step to take is to find an auto reconditioning shop that produces a good quality work and also has a fair price to go along with that. You will want to make sure that you choose shops that have established a good name for themselves. Also you should feel comfortable with the auto body specialists who work there. If you get a bad feeling don’t choose that shop. You can get estimates for the work at all the shops, they are usually free. You can get the estimate in person, by phone and sometimes online. Once you have decided which shop you want to use they will set up a time for you to come and get started working on your vehicle.

Types of Hybrid Vehicle

A hybrid is a vehicle that is between an electric vehicle and a gas powered engine. Hybrids have an internal combustion engine as well an electric motor that has a backup battery. Most typical mixture vehicles tend to share both gas and electric energy at the same time. What this means is that traditional mixture vehicles are actually a whole lot more fuel efficient than they are environmentally friendly. Another thing that consumers should be aware of when buying a hybrid is that they should know that two main hybrid types exist. These hybrid types are the mild hybrid and the full hybrid. Buyers of such cars should also decide how important it is to save on energy before choosing one energy saving vehicle or the other.

Mild Hybrid:

Mild hybrid vehicles predominantly use gas as a means of power. The electric motor is only used in cases where additional power is needed to support the gasoline engine. Mild hybrid vehicles therefore rely on a whole lot more gas than their full hybrid vehicle counterparts. Because of this reason they only offer a small reduction in the amount of dangerous emissions that they release into the atmosphere. When you compare these hybrid vehicles with traditional vehicles on the other hand, they still offer a greater financial and environmental benefit.

Full Hybrid:

When most people think about hybrid vehicles they are actually thinking about the full hybrid. This is because the full mixture vehicle is more in line with what people feel mixture vehicles are supposed to be all about. These vehicles allow the electric motor to work independently of the gasoline or the traditional engine. A full hybrid can solely be powered by electricity thereby eliminating the release of dangerous substances and saving the costs of gas as well. When you make an idle stop such as you would before a traffic light, the full hybrid switches power entirely to the electric motor. The full hybrid is great for town driving and allows the electric motor does most of the work when you’re travelling at slow speeds. Most people often think that hybrids must be plugged into a recharging source at one time or the other to recharge their batteries, the truth however is that these vehicles recharge themselves by using the internal battery pack while you’re driving.

Jump Starting a Car

Know Your Connections

Jumper cables are typically colored red and black. Those colors indicate which cable connects to which post. The red cable will be connected to the positive posts on the dead battery and the charged battery. The black cable will be connected to the negative post on the charged battery. The other end of the black cable will clamp down on the hull of the dead battery’s car.

Clear The Cable Path

Do not allow the clamps at the end of the cables to touch each other. Also, make sure that the cables are free of any moving parts. They can easily become caught in the fan, ripping the clamps off the posts.

Good Battery First

Once the cables have been connected to the battery posts, start the engine of the car with the charged battery first. Let the engine idle for a few minutes so its charging system can take some of the load off the battery.

Disconnect, Then Drive

After starting the car with the dead battery, disconnect the jumper cables after the engine turns over. In order for the battery to keep its charge, you’ll need to drive it continuously for approximately 30 minutes.

Remapping Tools to Improve Performance

  • Wideband AFR Meter: Air fuel ratio meter (AFR) is one of the complicated and highly required upgrading tools for car remapping. The main objective of this tool is to determine that the fuel is reaching to the engine in smooth way along with the proper flow of air. It would be interested to know in the early days these the cost of meter was quite costly, but in current scenario with increasing trend of car remapping high quality of air fuel ratio meters are being offered various renowned manufacturers.
  • Dynamometers: Where use of air fuel ratio is little difficult, tuning the dynamometer is undoubtedly the simplest methods of car remapping. It is not only safe for the engine but also for the person tuning the car. The main objective of tuning the dynamometer is to determine the standard parameters of power generation efficiency of the car and abort the functionality of the car if it detects that the car is being driven beyond those parameters. Along with this the dynamometer is also protective and not only protects from any type of physical damage to the person but also protects him from any type of legal action determined for upgrading the performance of the engine through remapping.
  • Timing light: While talking about the cost effective upgrading tools for car remapping it would be important to mention the name of timing light. If you are remapping your car for the first time then it is one of the highly preferred tools for remapping. The tool helps in determining the timing of the ignition system and helps us in getting assured that number of ignition table and engine are same. To generate the light the tool makes use of an inductive clamp mounted across the ignition lead and as soon as spark emerges in an engine it generates the flash to let us know the number received by the engine and ignition system.